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Brief summary of Chinese remanufacturing standards

Duxes 7th China Remanufacturing Summit 2017

June 28-29, 2017 · Crowne Plaza Beijing Chaoyang U-Town, China

Auto Remanufacturing Industry Current Development Process and Situation in China

With the great support to environment-friendly circular economy from Chinese Government, auto remanufacturing industry, as the technology that can use cores as raw material to produce products to optimize the utilization of cores, has the great significance to Chinese economic society. Currently, well-developed remanufacturing industry has achieved “cores high-tech repair” and “remanufacturing industrialization” both of them are the great effective ways to utilize resources and protect the environment. In comparison to new products, resources cost and pollution during production; the price is also much lower than new ones. Therefore, due to the environment-friendly circular economy this industry brings to the society or economic effect in it, this industry shall comply with the trend of society development.

Auto remanufacturing industry, as the new emerging industry in China, still needs certain solutions to ensure the quality of products to enhance customers’ confidence into this type of products. Therefore, relative government departments have settled some preliminary remanufacturing standardization. Currently, these sets of remanufacturing standardization only apply to the pilot companies.

ID

Standard ID

Standard name

Publish departments

Attributed departments

Scope

1

GB/T 26989-2011

Automobile Rcovery-terminology

General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine(AQSIQ);
China National Standardization management Committee

National Technical Committee of Auto Standardization

This standard defined the definitions and terminology. Applies to all kinds of domestic vehicle.

2

GB/T 27611-2011

General Requirements and Labeling for Recycled and Remanufactured Products

General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine(AQSIQ);
China National Standardization management Committee

National Technical Committee of Auto Standardization

Only apply to recycle products and remanufactured products production and trading. Not for Auto and Auto parts remanufactured products.

3

GB/T 28672-2012

The technical specifications for remanufacturing of automotive
components - Alternators

General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine(AQSIQ);
China National Standardization management Committee

National Technical Committee of Auto Standardization

It defined terminology and definition of remanufactured alternators, disassembly, classification and cleaning, inspection and repair, assembly, performance test, labeling and marks etc. Applies to remanufacture auto alternators. Can be reference for remanufacturing other vehicle alternators.

4

GB/T 28673-2012

The technical specifications for remanufacturing of automotive
components - Starters

General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine(AQSIQ);
China National Standardization management Committee

National Technical Committee of Auto Standardization

Defines auto starters remanufacturing definition and terminology, disassembly, classification, cleaning, inspection and repair, assembly performance test, labeling and marks etc. Applies to remanufacture auto starters. Can be reference for remanufacturing other vehicle starters.

5

GB/T 28674-2012

The technical specifications for remanufacturing of automotive
components - Steering gears

General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine(AQSIQ);
China National Standardization management Committee

National Technical Committee of Auto Standardization

Defines definitions and terminology of Pinion-and-rack type, ball-nut type and hydraulic assistance steering gears, disassembly, classification, cleaning, inspection and repair, assembly performance test, labeling and marks etc. Applies to remanufacturing Pinion-and-rack type, ball-nut type and hydraulic assistance steering gears. Not apply to Electro-hydraulic servo steering gear and Electron steering or damaged steering gears in accidents.

6

GB/T 28675-2012

Remanufacturing of automotive components - Disassembly

General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine(AQSIQ);
China National Standardization management Committee

National Technical Committee of Auto Standardization

Defines terminology and definition, general disassemble methods, general requirements of disassembly, and environmental requirements of disassembly. Applies to disassembly of remanufacturing auto part. Can be reference for remanufacturing other vehicle parts.

7

GB/T 28676-2012

Remanufacturing of automotive components - Classification

General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine(AQSIQ);
China National Standardization management Committee

National Technical Committee of Auto Standardization

Defines terminology and definition, general requirements of classification. Applies to classification of remanufacturing auto part. Can be reference for remanufacturing other vehicle parts.

8

GB/T 28677-2012

Remanufacturing of automotive components - Cleaning

General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine(AQSIQ);
China National Standardization management Committee

National Technical Committee of Auto Standardization

Defines terminology and definition, general requirements of cleaning. Applies to cleaning of remanufacturing auto part. Can be reference for remanufacturing other vehicle parts.

9

GB/T 28678-2012

Remanufacturing of automotive components - Pre-delivery inspection

General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine(AQSIQ);
China National Standardization management Committee

National Technical Committee of Auto Standardization

Defines terminology and definition, general requirements of pre-delivery inspection. Applies to pre-delivery inspection of remanufacturing auto part. Can be reference for remanufacturing other vehicle parts.

10

GB/T 28679-2012

Remanufacturing of automotive components - Assembly

General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine(AQSIQ);
China National Standardization management Committee

National Technical Committee of Auto Standardization

Defines terminology and definition, general requirements of assembly. Applies to assembly of remanufacturing auto part. Can be reference for remanufacturing other vehicle parts.

11

GB/T 31208-2014

Quality inspection methods for remanufacturing cores

General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine(AQSIQ);
China National Standardization management Committee

National Technical Committee of Auto Standardization

Defines terminology and definition, general requirements of quality inspection methods for remanufacturing cores (appearance quality, inner deficiency and tests for special functions).

12

GB/T 31207-2014

Quality management requirements for remanufacturing of mechanical
products

General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine(AQSIQ);
China National Standardization management Committee

National Technical Committee of Auto Standardization

Defines general regulation requirements of machinery products. Applies to all kinds of ongoing productions of machinery product in China.

ID

Name of standard

Process

1

General rules for process technology of parts
remanufacturing

National standard submission for approval

2

Technical specification for mechanical product remanufacturing enterprises

Complete draft standard; National standard submission for approval

3

Technical specification for mechanical product remanufacturability evaluation

Complete draft standard; National standard submission for approval

4

Remanufacturing – technical specification for disassembly of mechanical and electrical products

Complete draft standard; National standard submission for approval

5

Remanufacturing – assessment methods for
remaining life of mechanical parts

Draft standard

6

Remanufacturing – technical guide rules for
physical cleaning of parts

Draft standard

7

Remanufacturing – technical guide rules for surface repairing and treatment of mechanical products

Draft standard

8

Remanufacturing – technical requirements for detection of remanufactured products

Draft standard

9

Remanufacturing – detection and assessment specification of axis parts based on spectral analysis

Draft standard

10

Remanufacturing – technical requirements for flaw detection of cast iron parts

Draft standard

11

Remanufacturing – technical requirements for flaw detection of forged steel parts

Draft standard

12

Green design for mechanical products - manufacturability design

Draft standard

13

Remanufacturing – general technical requirements for remanufacturing of heavy duty machine tools

Draft standard

In 2013, the NDRC issued the “Quality and Technical Control Specification for Remanufacturing Companies (Trial)”, which established standards for general conditions (business registration, product authority), core management, quality control, distribution channels, and product traceability. The standards are similar to those of GB/T. Furthermore, the Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine (AQSIQ) released the “Announcement regarding Publishing Directory of Cargos Grading Certificates for Import License Administration” in 2014. This regulation instructs the regional Inspection and Quarantine Bureaus to evaluate the capability of remanufacturers and repair companies, especially with regard to matters when companies import cores which fall in “restrictive" categories.

Taking US remanufacturing market as example, US remanufacturing associations have fully functioned of their abilities to regulate and facilitate the remanufacturing industry. Firstly, under the guidance of associations, the industry has developed rapidly by organizing some events (information sharing, technology interflow, policies promotion, product display etc. Secondly, many specific remanufacturing intelligent rights related regulations in the market to ensure the clear ascription of liability of products, since intelligent property issue is a critical part of promoting remanufacturing industry. In the end, US industry has done quite effectively on enhance the social awareness and recognition on remanufactured products. Associations etc. lead customers to distinguish the differences among refurbished parts, second-hand parts and remanufactured parts. Since the Chinese market currently at the early stage, general product quality in the field is still at a low level. Many existing so-called remanufactured products in the field are still far away from qualified level. At this stage, customers quite easy to confuse the remanufactured parts with refurbished parts and second-hand parts. In comparison to well-developed remanufactured market, the industry standard system still has many defects which need to be complemented. Firstly, the completed regulation standards are absent for such industry. If only refer to the definition of remanufactured products “same as new parts, even better than new ones”, a great amount of products shall not be qualified. This kind of quality standard is too general and cannot be referred as the standard of the industry. The functioned standards shall be more detailed than that. Secondly, many unqualified firms may enter the industry with this imperfect industry system to disturb the development of the entire industry.

Deficiency in Chinese current auto remanufacturing industry standard system and possible complements

In terms of the regulation and scope of Chinese auto remanufacturing industry, there are certain issues need to be solved. In the aspect of regulation, there is no specific regulation about retroacting liability of products. Beyond that, current standards can only be applied to the pilot companies. There is lack of sufficient policies or regulation for non-pilot companies. For the moment, the relevant products are in conformity with remanufacturing standards can enhance customers’ confidence in this type of products and brand image of itself. Especially, when standard only apply to the pilot companies. By complying to the standard, remanufactured products can be easily distinguished from pirate products.

Establishing System for Remanufacturing Standards and Test Certification System Framework

The “Establishing System for Remanufacturing Standards and Test Certification System Framework” was recently approved by the review and appraisal board in Shanghai Lingang (2016/12). In the framework, the project committee has revealed that reman standards will be divided into two parts: 1. Enterprise certification, 2. Reman product inspection. In certifying companies, the government might take both a company’s manufacturability assessment and its enterprise credit rating into account. For reman products, the current method is similar to auto CCC certification; the certification is voluntary rather than compulsory. The application can be submitted by OEMs or authorized remanufacturers, and the applicant takes responsibility for quality traceability. As the figure shows above, in the process of producing products, “detection classification”, “reman tech processing” and “final detection” these three parts all have the implanted certifications. Even this certification is non-compulsory; the qualified products can ensure the quality of products and liability of remanufacturers to enhance customers’ trust in products. However, proposers of this framework are not government departments. There is still some uncertainties in such framework propose.

“Auto parts remanufacturing management approach" 2017

1.“AQSIQ will take the role of quality supervision and authorize qualified third party inspection center to conduct checking work regarding producing process & condition and products quality. Reman company and inspection center will claim publicly on which level of producing condition the companies are utilizing, and the condition of labeling.”

2.“Products which are not qualified will be listed into the "NAGATIVE LIST" by NDRC, which will be posted to the public. NDRC hopes to use market approaches to force and regulate reman companies.”

3.“This approach will fit for all remanufacturers, not only for pilot companies.”

3.“This approach will fit for all remanufacturers, not only for pilot companies.”

This upcoming “management approach” will enhance customers’ confidence in quality of remanufactured products. If this approach is approved, the following consequences shall be caused: 1. this approach will apply all standard to all remanufacturers in the industry rather than only pilot companies. The market shall be rectified. Unqualified companies will be eliminated with increasingly perfect remanufacturing standard system. 2. AQSIQ will take the role of quality supervision and authorize third party to inspect the market, which means the Government will intensify law enforcement of remanufacturing standards. Once customers notice that the Government takes part into this industry, social awareness shall be improved to a great extent. 3. Specific liability retroact will be applied. With this system , the chaos in the market shall be relieved.

Contact Information:
Ms. Cindy Cui
Tel.: +86 21 5258 8005 Ext. 8253
E-mail: cindy.cui@duxes.cn
Website: http://www.duxes-events.com/remancn

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